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Computer Information Systems (CIS) Class: For Information Systems Paper

Good for CIS101, Spreadsheet Concepts, Database Concepts, and Advanced Database Concepts.

Prompt of Paper

According to Britannica.com, an Information System is an integrated set of components for collecting, storing, and processing data and for delivering information, knowledge, and digital products.

For this assignment, you will compose a 500-word minimum paper that identifies 3 different companies that use Information Systems. Then for each company, describe the WHAT the company actually uses, the HOW the company uses it, and the WHY the company needs to implement this system within itself.

Example: Dunkin Donuts uses a Radiant POS Information System. This system collects all information on sales, inventory, staff, etc. The company then uses this information for projected ordering, hiring, and sales growth.

In the closing paragraph of your paper, describe the impact that these companies have on our society and how the use of this technology plays a role in their impact. Would their companies have such an impact if they did not use these information systems?

Paper Format:

  • Save As ~ CIS101_YourUsername_InformationPaper
  • Title Page ~ Course Name, Paper Title, Your Name, Total Word Count, Submission Date
  • Paper ~ APA Style (Information on proper formatting can be found here (Links to an external site.))
  • Reference Page ~ Minimum 3 resources required using proper citation. Just listing an URL address will not count as a citation.
  • If you need help creating acceptable citations please visit https://www.citationmachine.net

Apply appropriate technology tools and resources to locate and retrieve information from various sources (e.g., on-line, libraries, etc.) while completing this assignment. Use proper English grammar and spelling, normal page margins, and standard formatting of Microsoft Word. Include at least 3 sources at the end of the paper. Resources to write your paper can be collected from various Internet sites using Google, and you are welcome to visit the [http://egcc%20library/]EGCC Library (Links to an external site.) as well. 

Be sure to review the assignment rubric before submitting to ensure you have met all evaluation criteria.

Basic Advice and Research Tacks

There are two ways in which you can research this paper.  This box walks you through both of them.  However, regardless of either of these methods, there is one universal piece of advice that you should keep in mind while researching this paper. You do not need library resources for this.  The library databases will prove to be a very difficult place to find the information you need.  Therefore utilize Google for your search.  However, the information you find must be judged and evaluated.  Use some of the advice found in the Evaluating Information Guide to assess the usefulness and accuracy of the sources.

The first method deals with choosing the information system first.   The second deals with choosing the companies first.  One has more prep work but makes your research easier in the long run, the second seems like it will provide instantaneous results, but may set up road blocks if you’re not careful.  Also, some companies use more than one system because of the complexity of corporate culture.

  1. Pick one to three information systems from this list
    • Management Information Systems (MIS)
    • Transaction Process System (TPS)
    • Point of Sale System (POS)
    • Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
    • Supply Chain Management System (SCM)
    • Customer Relationship management (CRM)
    • Knowledge Management System (KMS)
    • Decision Support System (DSS)
    • Executive Information Systems (EIS)
    • Marketing Information Systems
    • Accounting Information Systems
    • Human Resource Management Systems
    • Office Automation Systems
  2. Picking one will allow you to compare how three different companies use one system. Picking three, will allow you to contrast the systems.  So, it really depends on what interests you and how easy you want your research steps to be.
  3. Google which companies use said system.  For example, if you choose Supply Chain Management, you would ask google “What companies use Supply Chain Management?” If you choose more than one system, you should repeat this search a second or third time, depending on how many systems are used.
  4. From the list(s) provided, pick your three companies. Now you will do your research proper.
  5. Do three searches, using this set up for search terms. Company name + “Information System type.” (Remember you do not need library resources for this.) Remember, assess those articles well, don't choose them willy-nilly.
So for example, if you’ve seen in a list for Customer Relationship System that Netflix is one of the companies that use this system (which in fact it does), then you should conduct a search using the words Netflix + "Customer Relationship System" which will get you articles about how they use the system and why the company needs that system. 
  1. Pick three companies.  You can pick any company, though we have found that these companies have the best results.
    • Walmart
    • CVS Health
    • eBay
    • Netflix
    • Lululemon
    • Amazon
    • Target
    • Walt Disney Company
    • Toyota
    • Jiffy Lube
    • Warby Parker
    • McDonald’s
    • Subway
  2. Google company name by asking: which information systems does [name] use?  Which will produce the research articles you need.
  3. See, quicker results but here are the caveats with using this particular tack.
    1. The first is the fact that it wholly depends on which companies you choose.  If you choose a company that has no discernable examination of which systems they use and why the company uses them, then you will run into walls.
    2. If you choose from the list provided above (which provides proven results), then you risk boring your instructor with the same companies repeated over and over again.    

You are asked to write a paper with a certain amount of words and are scared because 100, 150 or even 200 words sound daunting.  This gives you an idea of approximately how many words those truly are.  (Most if not all resources outside the library.)

In short, you are writing around 2-2.5 pages.  And remember, you have to write about three companies and an introduction and conclusion.  Therefore, you think you're going to need a ton of information, but it's not as much as you think.

E-Books

Much of the information found in these e-books probably will be basic in nature, but you will probably find some good points for your research in one of all of them.  So give these a once over and see if any work for you. 

Supplementary advice

If you have read the Britannica article but still are a little unsure about what Information Systems are, these two links are guaranteed to give you a better perspective of what this term means.  Not only that, but these two links will provide some good background research you can use to start your paper off.

Even though the best research for this paper is found on Google, if you are really insistent on using Library resources, you will want to use following Database and especially the journal title.  Also, the Guide Page listed below will be of use:

As many of you are new to researching in the library, you may get stuck with some technical navigation along the way.  These FAQS will help you with various aspects of the technical navigation of the library.

If you need to know some basics about how library research works, evaluating information, or knowing how to find full text, use these links..  Of important note: the General Writing Guide has a section on APA!!!